Stannic chloride pentahydrate is a tin source compatible with chlorides. Biologically, it induces a slight inhibition in the catalytic activity of the enzyme horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase (HLADH). The pentahydrate is substitute for its anhydrous grade in applications where presence of water is permissible. Historically, stannous chloride was used as warfare chemical as it forms thick HCl fumes when in contact with water.
Stannic chloride is produced by chlorination of metallic tin by chlorine gas.
|Synonyms||Tin (IV) chloride pentahydrate|
|Stannic chloride pentahydrate has various end uses:|
|In production of Xyrogel that is applied in solid state gas censors|
|In preparation of indium tin oxide thin films for semiconductor industry|
|As mordant in fabric dyeing|
|As oxidant of acid dyes and in post-treatment of aniline dyes|
|It gives organo tin compounds (SnR4) when treated with Grignards reagent|
|As catalyst in acylation of thiophene to 2-acetylthiophene|
|As reactant in manufacture of APIs and agrochemicals|
|As catalyst in production of polystyrene|
|As highly efficient disinfectant|
|In conductive coatings, polymers, resins, and wood preservatives|
|Appearance||–||White to off-white solid|
|Solubility||–||Soluble in water and alcohol|
|Chloride content||%||38.0 – 43.0|
The product is stored at ambient temperature.
50 kg UN approved HDPE drum.
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