INTRODUCTION

Piperazine is an organic compound that consists of a six-membered ring containing two nitrogen atoms at opposite positions in the ring. Piperazine exists as small alkaline deliquescent crystals with a saline taste. Piperazine is supplied as (anhydrous) Piperazine 99%.

Manufacture
Piperazine is generally prepared by treating ammonia with ethylene diamine, amino ethyl ethylene diamine, monoethanol amine or diethanol amine; or hydrogenation of N-(amino ethyl) ethanol amine.

SynonymsDiethylenediamine
1,4-Diazacyclohexane
Hexahydropyrazine
Piperazidine
CAS no.110-85-0
EINECS no.203-808-3
Molecular formulaC4H10N2
Molecular weight86.14
Structure
Applications
Used as a raw material for the manufacture of quinolone drugs like Ciprofloxacin and Norfloxacin.
Also used in manufacture of other drugs like Anthelmintics, Sedatives, Antihistamines, Antifilarials, Tranquilizers, and Analgesics.
As an intermediate in the preparation of:
– Hydroxyethyl piperazine
– N,N’-dimethyl piperazine
– N-methyl piperazine
Used for speciality chemicals and polymeric products like corrosion inhibitors, photographic chemicals, wetting agents, polyamides, rubber auxiliaries and hardener for epoxy resins and Gas sweetening.

SPECIFICATIONS

TestUnitSpecification
AppearanceWhite to off-white flakes with hygroscopic nature
SolubilityFreely soluble in water and in ethanol, practically insoluble in ether
Water content (by KF)% w/wNMT 1.0
Purity (by GC)%NLT 99.0

STORAGE
Store in a dry and well-ventilated area. Ambient temperatures.

PACKING
25 kg UN approved drums.

REACH status
Not registered yet.

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