Is ammonia the fuel of the future?

Ammonia saved the world once; it might do it again. A century ago, the world faced a looming food crisis. A booming population was pushing farmers to grow crops faster than nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the soil could keep up, and the South American deposits of guano and natural nitrates they applied as fertilizer were dwindling.

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Lipids – The unsung vaccine component

Lipids are an unsung component in the two mRNA-based shots, the only vaccines to be approved so far in the US. Naked mRNA quickly degrades in the body and can trigger an unwanted immune reaction. To get the genetic material to its target cells, vaccine developers combine it with a mixture of several sophisticated lipids to form lipid nanoparticles, or LNPs. mRNA vaccine producers use a package of 4 lipids to formulate their LNPs

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What is just beyond the horizon for shipping in the rest of 2021 & 2022?

Looking within a short-term horizon, the outlook for container shipping over the next 2-3 months appears relatively well-known, although certainly not well-liked by shippers. In essence, we will continue to see a situation of bottleneck problems, capacity shortages and high pressure on rates. This is, hopefully, not a surprise to anyone now.

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Ramage Linker in Peptides

An efficient, versatile linker is developed for the synthesis of C-terminal primary/secondary amides and hydrazides as well as peptide alcohols, which is compatible with solid-phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) and suppresses side reactions. It is termed as Ramage Linker.

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Novel Photocatalyst Effectively Turns Carbon Dioxide Into Methane Fuel With Sunlight

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the major greenhouse gases causing global warming. If carbon dioxide could be converted into energy, it would be killing two birds with one stone in addressing the environmental issues. A new photocatalyst is developed recently, which can produce methane fuel (CH4) selectively and effectively from carbon dioxide using sunlight. According to this research, the quantity of methane produced was almost doubled in the first 8 hours of the reaction process.

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Minus 20°C is sometimes trickier than minus 70°C

Reliable temperature-controlled coronavirus vaccine logistics require smooth integration of all those involved as well as materials that provide good insulation. As the range of coronavirus vaccines grows, so do the requirements for their distribution. The different vaccines need to be stored and transported at different temperature ranges – often together in the same vehicle or cold store. Handling complex processes like this is routine for leading logistics companies. But they depend on the skills of packaging providers and raw materials suppliers.

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